Cross-country comparisons

Sources Used

The main sources used in this review of leave polices and research are the country notes prepared by the members of the International Network on Leave Policies and Research, following a common format. One country that has not been included in previous reviews –Latvia – has had a new country note prepared. For countries that have appeared in previous reviews, country notes are reviewed and revised each year by authors. For 2018, all country notes have been edited by four of the network’s coordinators: Sonja Blum, Alison Koslowski, Alexandra Macht and Peter Moss. Thanks are recorded to Henning Heinemann for his editorial assistance at the University of Hagen.


The expertise and work of the country note authors is gratefully acknowledged.


In addition, the ‘Relationship between Leave and ECEC Entitlements’ table and pages draw upon two comparative sources of demographic, economic and social data: the OECD Family Database and TransMonee. Full details are given at the end of the table on each page.


General note: in the comparative tables which follow, a month is calculated to be 4.3 weeks; while 4 weeks would be 0.9 months. For purposes of comparison, national currencies are also shown in euro. Currency conversion was carried on a single day (13 June 2018) and where possible the Yahoo Currency Convertor was used.


Maternity Leave

Paternity Leave

Parental Leave

Other measures

Total leave available

Leave and ECEC entitlements

Leave Policy Changes