Cross-country comparisons

Sources Used

The main sources used in this review of leave polices and research are the country notes prepared by the members of the International Network on Leave Policies and Research, following a common format. Two countries not included in previous reviews – Argentina and Serbia – have had new country notes prepared. For countries that have appeared in previous reviews, country notes are reviewed and revised each year by authors. For 2022, all country notes have been edited by five of the network’s coordinators: Alison Koslowski, Sonja Blum, Ivana Dobrotić, Gayle Kaufman, and Peter Moss. Lead editorship rotates, and for 2022 Alison Koslowski was lead editor.

The expertise and work of the country note authors is gratefully acknowledged.

In addition, the ‘Relationship between Leave and ECEC Entitlements’ table and pages draw upon two comparative sources of demographic, economic and social data: the OECD Family Database and TransMonee. Full details are given at the end of the table on each page.

General note: in the comparative tables which follow, a month is calculated to be 4.3 weeks; while 4 weeks would be 0.9 months. For purposes of comparison, national currencies are also shown in Euro. Currency conversion was carried on for a single day (21 June 2022).

Please also refer to the technical appendix.

Maternity Leave

Paternity Leave

Parental Leave

Other measures

Leave and ECEC entitlements

Leave Policy Changes

'Well-Paid' Leave

Technical Appendix