Cross-country comparisons

Sources Used

The main sources used for the tables in this review are the country notes prepared by the members of the International Network on Leave Policies and Research, following a common format. One country not included in previous reviews – Colombia – has had a new country note prepared.

Country notes are reviewed and revised each year by authors and editors. For 2023, all country notes have been edited by at least one of the five of the network’s coordinators: Sonja Blum, Ivana Dobrotić, Gayle Kaufman, Alison Koslowski and Peter Moss. Lead editorship rotates, and for 2023 Sonja Blum was lead editor.

The expertise and work of the country note authors is gratefully acknowledged.

In addition, the ‘Relationship between Leave and ECEC Entitlements’ table and pages draw upon two comparative sources of demographic, economic and social data: the OECD Family Database and TransMonee. Full details are given at the end of the table on each page.

General note: in the comparative tables which follow, a month is calculated to be 4.3 weeks; while 4 weeks would be 0.9 months. For purposes of comparison, national currencies are also shown in euro in the country notes. Currency conversion was carried on for a single day (6 July 2023) using as possible:

Please also refer to the technical appendix.

Maternity Leave

Paternity Leave

Parental Leave

Other measures

Leave and ECEC entitlements

Leave Policy Changes

'Well-Paid' Leave

Technical Appendix